Chronological list. 3.89 grams. On Line Liquidators also known as "THE TORONTO GROUP" used many different eBay Id's and plagued eBay with fake ancient coins for about three years. The coin in question is in the link below and my coin … Our Coins are great for kids of all ages, collectors, gamers and living history groups. When the copper breaks, the fraud is exposed, but this imitation was struck in such good style and with thick enough silver that it may have been years before the foil detached. There is not a full-site search engine. (For scholarly information about how these were produced see these references.). 5)  FEL TEMP REPARATIO (AD 348 ff), Counterfeit coins were made for several reasons in the past.     This piece: Licinius Some fourées of tiny e… This section includes all coins classified as Roman Republican, Roman Imperiatorial, Roman Imperial and Roman Provincial coins, from anonymous coinage from the 4th century BC, all through the end of the Roman Empire. If you have purchased some silver and can’t get rid of that little voice in your head that keeps saying what if they are fake silver coins …. The fake antique coins, that is to say made in antiquity, also have a low weight, the diameter can be also. 20-19 mm.      "galley," "soldier spearing fallen horseman," and other post-reform imitations.        This piece: Julian II siliqua, Valentinian I and later AE (AD 364ff)  Others show proof a coin is fake. See here for some molds ("moulds" in Britain) and a description of one way it was done. The blobs of green (much of which flakes off when you run your nail over it) - it is a fake "patina" or artificially generated verdigris. A British imitation of a type of Claudius (AD 41-54) is illustrated here (reverse with Minerva striding right with spear and shield, S C on either side, 24 mm) with its 28 mm prototype to the right. Amazingly, there are counterfeits of even these primitive pieces. Limes-falsa of the second and third centuries     This piece:  An imitation as of Hadrian. Most good forgers don't bother with coins … Furthermore, Victory looks bored to tears, and there is no "action" in the illustration. limes Forgery of a Byzantine solidus by a Barbaric mint, 6th century. This piece: Crispus. 01 of 05. Prototype:  Moneyer Q. Minucius Ter.         This piece: Gratian AE2, Greek   This piece:  An unusual full-sized Constantius II imitation. Some are tourist fakes, and usually sold as such and some were made so the common person could have an example of a terribly rare coin that would normally not ever be available. Ancient Imitations of Roman Coins An educational site about genuinely ancient coins that were imitations or counterfeits in their day One way to make a profit by counterfeiting coins is to replace precious silver with inexpensive copper, while maintaining the appearance of good silver. It is illegal to sell fake coins in most countries without clearly describing them as such. 2020, June 22:  A page on barbarous radiates of the Gallo-Roman empire, c. 259-274.     1) "endemic"  for regularly occurring counterfeits (e.g. Some coins seen to have been shaken in soot (black areas which stain your fingers and which wash off under running water). These fakes have become increasingly commonplace in the last few decades. Check the seller's name against the regularly updated. Most fakes are those of Constantine I and II, Licinius I and II, Constans, Constantius I and II, Valens, Jovian, Septimius Severus. the Table of Contents of educational pages. Check the coin against reliable websites. Fake Roman Coins A knuckle-headed hand doctor busted for hawking fake ancient Greek drachma must pen an expose on the dirty dealings of the coin collector world to avoid jail time. siliqua, clipped siliqua. You can also detect the fake coins from the original one collected from a reliable source. Check the "look" of the coin against a reliable website such as Wildwinds, Ask the seller if it is genuine and whether he offers a refund if it turns out to be a fake. Under a plea agreement with Manhattan prosecutors, Ivy League surgeon Arnold-Peter Weiss The Manhattan District Attorney’s office returned $200,000 worth of ancient coins to the Greek government Monday. Most of the fakes coins have the same thickness all over the coin. The bust obviously indicates the portrait and implies the description of the clothes, crowns, jewels and items. The colour of the metal where you scratched is bright golden, not yellowish-brown as it would be with an genuine ancient bronze coin. Literature about ancient imitations, annotated. 3)  Other Constantinian types to AD 330. You can see the copper of the core where the silver has broken off on this imitation of Trajan, AD 98-117. Return to the Table of Contents of educational pages. "A sample of a forged denarius is carefully examined and the adulterated coin is bought for more than the genuine ones.". limesfalschung(en) These are often a way for dishonest sellers to "grab the money and run".     This page also has a few ancient molds for cast imitations. Two Roman Republican silver denarii from 103 BC.     This piece: Philip II. The yellowish colour of the coin - they are made of copper and not of bronze The blobs of green (much of which flakes off when you run your nail over it) - it is a fake "patina" or artificially generated verdigris. subaerat  (the word for "fourreé" in German, meaning something like "below, AE") the lines of Victory's skirt are not parallel and they are "wobbly". Fake coins, made in ancient times, are a different subject, and were created to be counterfeits. The profit was in the substitution of cheap copper for expensive silver in the core of the coin.   This coin:  A 17 mm coin imitating a coin of Tetricus. Reverse: Two warriors fighting, the one on the left protecting a fallen comrade. Buying coins, especially sight-unseen online, can be harmful to your wallet if you can’t trust the source.      GLORIA EXERCITVS,   VRBS ROMA,   CONSTANTINOPOLIS,   mules.     2) "epidemic"  for counterfeits that make up a substantial fraction of the coins in circulation (e.g. Sometimes, when supplies of the smaller denomination coins were inadequate, unofficial production took place to make up the shortfall. New, 2107, Sept. 12: A Greek fourree drachm of Byzantion in Thrace (third coin down). It's safe to say that the biggest worry someone new to collecting ancient coins has is getting burned by buying fakes. but where there is money trading hands, there will always be fakes, frauds, and counterfeits. From the mid-4th century onward, ‘billon’ coins only contain trace elements of silver. Some of the important fake symbols of the coins include incorrect marks of the mint, wrong lettering on the coins and variation on the thickness in the coins. This entire site, copyright (c) 2002-2020 by Warren Esty One of the threads on the Forvm Ancient Coins, A huge collection of fakes on the Forvm Ancient Coins, The childish type of "artwork" especially of the bust, The exaggerated "Roman nose" and the overly circular eye, The crest of the helmet on VRBS ROMA coins is too far back, The yellowish colour of the coin - they are made of copper and not of bronze. The most famous ancient coin forger of the early modern era was Karl Wilhelm Becker (1772-1830), who produced high-quality, hand-struck struck fakes of some 300 different Greek, Roman … Many "Claudian copies" are found at Roman forts and may have been produced by the military.     This piece:  Augustus, Fourrés: The 2nd Century Mintmarks are incomplete (many are just SMN without an officina letter). 2020, April 16: Septimius Severus fourré. Note that, alongside gold and bronze, silver Roman coinage from the mid-3rd century onward uses various bronze-silver alloys, and are deemed ’silver’, ‘billon’, or not specified. (Fourth type down)     1)  counterfeit pieces intended to deceive in order to make a profit for the counterfeiter (usually silver-plated over a base metal core, as illustrated above), and These military centres didn't keep much silver on hand for security reasons so struck bronze versions of denarii. The grenetis refers to the small dots around the coin (see photo). Must Read: Collecting Fake Coins 2018, Feb. 7: Magnificent Valentinian AE1. Then, in neglected provinces, the locals sometimes made their own unofficial coins. 3 talking about this. 3rd century AD counterfeit coin mold for making fake Roman coins. These are usually recognizable by their peculiar-looking busts with a full eye, large noses and often garbled legends. The one on the left is an ancient counterfeit with a copper-core silver-plated and then struck to make a convincing imitation of the genuine full-silver coin on the right. Never Buy Coins From Chinese Sellers . This frauds must be exposed and the unsuspecting buyers warned! We sometimes use these terms: Discussion in 'Ancient Coins' started by p91, Oct 29, 2009. By using a copper core covered in a silver coating, the coin has a much lower intrinsic value, while face value remains the same. The quality of engraving will often be of very poor quality. Tetrarchy   (AD 284-314) Searching:  Particular emperors and their relatives are on pages organized chronologically below. With modern coins a counterfeiter has a big challenge because the coins were made by machines and each is … Constantinian (of five categories AD 307-360), 1) "Two Victories" type. This piece: Constantine. but on the bottom it says imperatore so im wonderin if any1 knows if this is real or a fake?? New,  June 29, 2016: Many thumbnails replaced with larger images. If you don't known this ancient coin forum, I highly recommend you join to learn more about known fakes of ancient coins. Spotting Fakes. If anyone asks you what is the bust of the coin, he does not wait for you to give the name of … (One fake seller in Germany was raking in over 12,000 Euros a month selling fakes, until the police caught up with him). ? In antiquity silver was worth, by weight, about 80-100 times as much as copper. Visit other websites such as the ones mentioned on the main page to compare the coins you are thinking of buying, with genuine ones. The fakes were low … [under construction -- not even close to ready. Magnentius and Decentius (AD 350-353) Some tips:the most faked coins are gold and silver coins because they are the most expensive. What's new? Links to off-site webpages can be found on my page about references.     This piece: Spanish Republican semis, British Claudian AE   and earlier AE imitations of Augustus, Agrippa, etc. Imitations include: The one link to Greek coins is at the end. These roman coins come in various denominations, from the small as to the major denarius many of which feature the bust of the ruling emperor when the coin was first struck in history. All rights reserved. This piece: Claudius as, Other 1st and 2nd century AE imitations Uncleaned coins are plentiful online and from collectors. The reverse, next, makes it clearer that it is an ancient fake. Here’s how to protect yourself: Find a reputable coin dealer. The altering of a Roman coin by a countermark, sometimes referred to as a counterstamp, Some coins seen to have been shaken in soot (black areas which stain your fingers and which wash off under running water). Comments and questions are welcome. Other websites on ancient imitations: which allows people to post fakes they have spotted. Imitations of Roman Republican denarii, by Phil Davis The silver plate has broken showing the copper core near the rim at 5:30 and on the helmet near the middle. Click on the images or links to see imitations from that period. We hope you enjoy watching and have fun creating your own.Here is the ratio for the salt dough:1 cup flour1/2 cup salt1/2 cup water "Barbarous radiates" of the Gallo-Roman empire (259-274) Most of the time, you probably can’t. The silver plating is broken on the coin on the left and the copper core shows through. Germany, France or England, their luggage is not searched - hence the increase of fakes now being sold from addresses in these countries - often with the seller knowing full well that they are fakes but enjoying huge profits from the sales. 2)  Types of AD 330-340. Most of the cheap fakes are tourist fakes and those aren't that difficult to spot. Banners and banner decorations are oversized. Counterfeits made for profit and intended to deceive usually imitate silver coins (denarii) with pieces of much less intrinsic value. Some visible giveaways of some (but not all) of these fakes are: Fake Sellers list on Forum Ancient Coins. Brockage fourrées, by Aaron Emigh. Now i am not an expert in this field so any advice given here is appreiated. and on the back it says augusto 63ac . Be wary of short-term (1-2 day) ebay sales. I am not actively working on it. To summarize, you can have a coin with a degenerate style, a weight and a small diameter, a metal other than that of the official coins, which is a fake … If you want to use some of it, please ask. This includes any and all marks, scratches or other issues on the surface of the genuine coin. Hi While I am still allowed to buy, I noticed that eBay does nothing on many fake coins sellers who are selling bundles of fake american coins direclty via eBay and I am worried that these sellers will flood american land with fakes and fakes where it … I feel that if I pay ten or twenty bucks for a coin or a lot of coins (that I can't spot as obviously bad fakes), then I don't lose really much if the coin turns out to be fake. Barbaric imitations (usually struck in 4th century Britain or Gaul) are not classed as fakes ! Below are 14 ways on how to spot fake silver eagles, bars, and bullion. 14dc. Some of the observations do not prove the coin is fake, but show further investigation is needed. Replica Coin Set ANCIENT ROMAN COINAGE “TWELVE CAESARS” Romans started the practice of minting silver coins in the same manner as the Greeks, around 270 B.C. Navigation improved. The silver coin known as a Denarius became the most popular coin of the Roman Republic & later, the Roman Empire. About the only way to spot a fake Roman coin is with a gold and silver testing kit. This piece: Constantine II The best way to verify the authencity of a coin is to compare it with an image of the same coin.     "fourré" is a French word for "filled" or "stuffed" (in the case of coins, with base metal) Coins of the 3rd or 4th century A.D. are the less faked. Some counterfeits were made by casting and some ancient molds are still extant.   Imitations of coins of emperors Postumus through Tetricus I and Tetricus II A genuine coin is used to create a die that is an exact mirror image of the coin. Much of the coinage of Roman Britain was locally and unofficially produced. A fake coin often looks too clean to be 2,000 years old. mold, mould  (This site has a page with molds of coins of the tetrarchy and of FEL TEMP REPARATIO coins) Carausius, The British Empire The Republican denarius was nearly pure silver and valued as silver, so there was profit to be made by wrapping a copper core in a thin silver foil (much like aluminum foil) and striking it with false dies to make a "coin" called a "fourré" (= "stuffed" in French) with most of its weight actually copper. Just about every type of common-ish bronze coin is now in circulation as a fake. Find the Roman coin you're looking for from trusted sellers.     This piece:  Allectus, Fourth Century The term "imitation" is used for both, but is most appropriate for the second type where the imitations were more or less similar to official types, but not deceptive. 4)  Types of AD 340-348. Coins were regularly counterfeited throughout the entire Roman period. Counterfeits that served to augment the supply of small change were struck in copper in (usually) crude imitation of official types. Greek fourree drachm of Byzantion in Thrace, Limes-falsa of the second and third centuries, Imitations of coins of emperors Postumus through Tetricus I and Tetricus II, Literature about ancient imitations, annotated. We have a wide range of dealers selling Roman coins. Having said all that, some people collect fakes, so don't despair if you get one or two. M.F. Click on the links or images below to see more coins from each time period. Below are some pictures of fake Bulgarian "uncleaned Roman" coins which were found end of 2003, early 2004 in batches of uncleaned coins sold by dealers all over the world. It will not make you an expert in spotting fakes but will give you some basic information you can build on. We have a wide variety of replica Pirate coins, Viking coins, Roman coins, Greek coins, Scottish coins and Celtic coins. In Roman Britain this happened to such an extent that at some periods there may have been as many fake coins in circulation as real ones. Most seem to have one single area of "wear", Characteristics of the reverse of the fake coins are also a giveaway, for example. Two Roman Republican silver denarii from 103 BC. You can only differentiate between a fake and real ancient Roman coin with the help of a test kit. Fourées are even older than coinage itself – plated base metal bars have been found that were made to imitate ingots of precious metal used as currency before the introduction of coins. Roman Coins: Denarius , fakes? If you scratch some fake coins with a pin, it scratches very easily because copper is softer than bronze. These reproduction coins have the same weight, metal alloy and fineness in detail, as the originals from the historical era. Well made forgeries can fool even top experts. serratus, serratii Coins were counterfeited almost as soon as they were invented (c. 600 BC). Note that the images below are only a few samples of the old 2003-2004 fakes. Ebay do NOTHING - they are apparently more interested in their sales fees than protecting the innocent buyer - but if enough people write, maybe they will shift their backsides now and again and do something about it. Unfortunately, thousands of fake coins are sold every month on eBay. ], fourré, fourree (how to identify a fourré) This page is mostly about how new fakes are spotted as they entering the market, usually very quickly.     This piece: Commodus, Severan and later (AD 193 - 253) fourrés mostly from the Balkans Counterfeits were especially prominent in several periods and places. Terms and links within this site. Apparently the Roman government was often not interested in providing all provinces with coins to facilitate small monetary transactions. Since then the fakers in Eastern Europe, notably Bulgaria are making extremely good fakes using a striking process and shifting them to western Europe using friends and family as mules, travelling unsearched and protected by the ridiculous, over-liberal, "we are all well-meaning brothers and sisters" EU laws, which means that when they arrive in e.g. e-mail me at: This is the end of the main Table of Contents page on ancient Roman imitations. Some coins even include detailed pamphlets, offering snippets of information not only about the coin but about the Roman activities at the time of the coins creation. Sear 197. The earliest Lydian coins look like metal nuggets (electrum, an alloy of gold and silver) with faint ridges (“striations”) on one side and rough punch marks on the other. This site discusses and illustrates imitations of Roman coins from c. 400 BC to c. AD 500 (with a few Greek coins at the end). Fourree: 19-18 mm. Unfortunately, this type of fake can also be the most deceptive. If you buy a cheap Roman coin (for less than 100 US dollars) there is a smaller chance that it is a fake. Also not classed as fakes are the (usually Severan) AE versions of denarii, which were struck officially in bronze at military mints along the "Limes" border (along the Danube frontier). Buy coins that have been encapsulated by a third-party grader; Be skeptical of buying a coin that seems like too good of a deal. Go there and enter in the identification (for example, the name of the Roman emperor or the name of the Greek city) in the search box. The term "imitation" encompasses a wide variety of coin types from very small and crudely struck coppers minted in Britain to impressive full-weight gold pieces minted by German tribes. We will speak of the "field" of the currency designating the smooth and unregistered part. This piece:  Constans.      This piece: Pansa 9, Roman Republican AE The specimens shown in this collection were made for various reasons. Silver denarius.     2)  unofficial pieces intended to serve as small change (or, much less commonly, silver or gold money) in places where official coins were not in sufficient supply.     This piece: Magnentius FELICITAS REIPVBLICE, Plated siliquae and solidi iv got an old mishaped silver roman coin, looks real to me but i wanna no if it is cos i wanna get it valued and sell it .. its says caesar augustus on the front with a picture of a head. Obverse: Head of Mars in crested helmet left. 3.53 grams. This site records their known eBay Id's and shows images of many of their known fakes. One way to make a profit by counterfeiting coins is to replace precious silver with inexpensive copper, while maintaining the appearance of good silver. Even the most obvious fakes can easily fool anyone who is not a trained expert. When you discuss with collectors you will speak of "legend" which is also called "titulature" to describe the words and abbreviations inscribed on the currency. silver-plated denarii under the Roman Republic)     This piece: Alexander the Great tetradrachm. If some of those are fakes, the coin you are interested in might well be a fake …      This piece:  Domitian. Bronze Roman coins can be bought for just a few dollars. If you are new to the wonderful world of Roman coin collecting, and are thinking of buying coins on ebay, please use common sense. Counterfeit coins are nothing new to the world of coin collecting; they have been around for centuries (if not millennia). Are 14 ways on how to protect yourself: find a reputable coin dealer coin! Unsuspecting buyers warned found in England often have a wide range of dealers selling Roman coins scratch some coins. 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Warren Esty all rights reserved Byzantion in Thrace ( third coin down ) 2018 Feb.! Roman period way for dishonest sellers to `` grab the money and run '' ( ). Poor quality were struck in copper in ( usually ) crude imitation of official types build on, write the... Fool anyone who is not a trained expert second and third centuries this piece Claudius. Historical era Claudian copies '' are found at Roman forts and may have been in... Licinius this page also has a few samples of the coin only a few ancient molds for cast. Very poor quality ROMA, CONSTANTINOPOLIS, mules not all ) of these fakes have become increasingly commonplace in illustration.